ZouSim, the University of Missouri Transportation Simulator, is a family of networked simulators, including bicycling, wheeling, driving, trucking, and walking. ZouSim has been used for a variety of purposes, including research into autonomous vehicles, geometric design, work zone signage, and bicycle markings, and training and education.
All the ZouSim simulators were developed on the same platform and are networked together to replicate real-world scenarios involving multiple modes. The bicycling simulator consists of a fully instrumented Trek bicycle with electronic output for steering, speed, and braking. The driving simulator is a medium fidelity simulator that is built around the half cab of a Toyota Corolla sedan. The wheeling simulator is a functioning Pride Jazzy power wheelchair. The walking simulator consists of wearable yaw and gait sensors. The trucking simulator is based on a Volvo Heavy Truck cab and is used for studies such as truck platooning.
There are several graphical interface options as part of ZouSim, including six large projected video (e.g., 10 feet by 7.5 feet), Oculus Rift virtual reality (VR) goggle, four large screen 65 inch LED monitors, and stereoscopic 3D monitors. The different display choices have different tradeoffs such as resolution, size, viewing range (including 360º with VR), field-of-view, brightness, 3D capability, and likeliness of discomfort. The choice in the type of graphical display and the number of displays will be based the particular application. Human participant instrumentation include two eye trackers, an EEG monitor, accelerometer, magnetometer, and gyroscope.
Relevant Recent ZouSim-Related Activities
Sun, C. and Qing, Zhu. (2018). “Design and Construction of a Virtual Bicycle Simulator for Evaluating Sustainable Facilities Design.” Advances in Civil Engineering. Volume 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5735820.
Sun, C., Qing, Z., and Edara, P. (2018). “Evaluation of Autonomous Vehicle-Pedestrian Interactions Using Federated Simulators.” Institute of Transportation Engineers. Missouri Valley Section. Fall Meeting, Lenexa, Kansas, Oct. 3-5.
Sun, C., Schoelz, M., and Edara, P. (2018). “Federated Simulator Study of Human Driver Communications During Autonomous Truck Platooning.” Institute of Transportation Engineers. Missouri Valley Section. Fall Meeting, Lenexa, Kansas, Oct. 3-5.
Qing, Z., Zhang, S., Brown, H., and Sun, C. (2018). “Simulator and Field Study of Track-Mounted Automated Flagger Assistance Devices in Missouri.” 98th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington D.C., January.
Brown, H., Sun, C., and Qing, Z. (2017). “Investigation of Alternative Bicycle Pavement Markings Using a Bicycle Simulator.” Journal of Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Iss. 0361-1981, Washington D.C.
Sun, C., Qing, Z., Edara, P., Balakrishnan, B. and Hopfenblatt, J. (2017) “Driving Simulator Study of J-Turn Acceleration-Deceleration Lane and U-Turn Spacing Configurations.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2638. National Academy of Sciences. DOI 10.3141/2638-04.